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Kings Warriors Traders Fishers - (Parathavars/Paravas/Bharathars) - 1


Muslim Rule in south India:

Pandyas were repeatedly in conflict with the Pallavas, Cholas, Hoysalas and finally the Muslim invaders from the Delhi Sultanate. The Pandyan Kingdom finally became extinct after the establishment of the Madurai Sultanate in the 14th century. The Pandyas excelled in both trade and literature. They controlled the pearl fisheries along the south Indian coast, between Sri Lanka and India, which produced one of the finest pearls known in the ancient world.

The early medieval period saw the rise of Muslim in South India. The defeat of the Kakatiya dynasty of Warangal by the forces of the Delhi Sultanate in 1323 CE. and the defeat of the Hoysalas in 1333 CE.

Whereas on the South-Western Coast of South India, a new local economical and political power arose into the vacuum created by the disintegration of Chera power. The Zamorins of Calicut, with the help of the Muslim-Arab merchants, dominated the maritime trade on Malabar Coast for the next few centuries.

During this period Vijayanagara empire rose in southern India. the empire eventually came under the rule of Krishna Deva Raya, the son of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka. In the following decades the Vijayanagara empire dominated all of Southern India and fought off invasions from the five established Deccan Sultanates.The empire reached its peak during the rule of Krishna Deva Raya when Vijayanagara armies were consistently victorious.

The empire went into a slow decline regionally, although trade with the Portuguese continued, and the British were given a land grant for the establishment of Madras.

Ok let us stop here... the above are true history.. during mid of 13th century to 15th century the pandyan dynasty was lost and was ruled by Vijayanagara (Nayak) empire. Mean while Sultanate who came for trading and business also ruled southern India. Now Bharthars who rule over Pearl Fishery are in conflicts with both Muslim Business man (Ruled by Madurai sultanate) and Nayaks... This typifies the Bharathars who belong to pandiyan kingdom are degarding..... Now during this same period a "Miracle Happens"...

That is the Arrival of Vasco da Gama..

Da Gama sailed from Lisbon on July 8, 1497 with a crew of 170 men. He arrived at Calicut (now Kozhikode) on May 20, 1498.

Ill continue next week what happens then......... The picture depicts his arrival and departure from Portugal to India...


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